Chemical constituents of peppers (Piper spp.) The healthy parts were selected, air-dried and pulverized. Samples (S1-S5) were collected in June, in the Yapo-Abbé forest and samples (S6-S10) in August 2016, in Akoupé (6°24′49.3″N and 3°43′10.8″W). Climbing black pepper, Piper guineense, is also called West African black pepper, Ashanti pepper, Guinea cubeb, and Benin pepper.It is native to the tropical rain forest of Africa, where it thrives mainly in the wild. Continuing our work on the characterization of aromatic and medicinal plants growing wild in Côte d’Ivoire, through the chemical composition of their essential oils,17-23 the aim of the present study was to characterize the essential oil from aerial parts of P. guineense and the leaf oil of P. umbellatum and to observe homogeneity or eventual variability in the chemical composition. This study revealed the nutritional, possible medicinal and pharmacological properties of the leaves and seeds. (2005) reported β-pinene, α-pinene and germacrene-B as major components; Olonisakin et al. Research Article Proximate, Mineral and Phytochemical Composition of Piper guineense Seeds and Leaves 1Chinedu Imo, 1Ojochenemi E. Yakubu, 2Nkeiruka G. Imo, 3Ifeoma S. Udegbunam, 1Silas V. Tatah and 1Ogochukwu J. Onukwugha 1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University … Fifty-four components, accounting for 91.5% to 97.6% of the whole composition, were identified (S1-S10) using GC (retention index), GC-MS, and 13C NMR. Thirty-six sets (500g per set) of disinfested maize were weighed into … The chemical composition of P. guineense, of samples S3 to S8, is dominated by the association of α-phellandrene and (2E,6E)-farnesol. Moura do Carmo, DF., Amaral, ACF., Machado, GMC., Leon, LL., Silva, JRdeA., Fernandes Amaral, AC. Piper guineense is a West African spice plant, commonly called Ashanti pepper. The leaves and seeds are consumed widely as spice and used in preparation of different dishes. Linalool is a naturally occurring terpene alcohol chemical that is used as a flavouring agent and for making fragrances18. The effect of aqueous extract of Piper guineense seeds on some liver enzymes, antioxidant enzymes and some haematological parameters in albino rats has been reported by Uhegbu et al.3. S. K. Adesina, A. S. Adebayo, S. K. O. Adesina and Conclusion: The results showed that Piper guineense seeds and leaves possess nutritional and pharmacological properties. Background and Objective: Piper guineense seeds and leaves are among the plant parts commonly used as spices and also in herbal medicine for the treatment and management of different conditions. Methyl tetradecanoate, Caryophyllene and m-Anisic acid are flavouring agents. New Natural Oxygenated Sesquiterpenes and Chemical Composition of Leaf... Cysne, JB., Canuto, KM., Pessoa, ODL., Nunes, EP., Silveira, ER. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to apply caution to avoid excessive consumption of the Piper guineense seeds. Plant materials abound in nutrient, vitamins and minerals which are required by humans on daily basis for proper metabolic and biochemical functions1. Manganese and copper are high in the leaves compared to the seeds, while the level of chromium was high in the seeds than in the leaves. However, Piper guineense seed is believed to have abortive property in traditional medicine. Fruit oil of Nigeria is dominated by sabinene, linalool, α-pinene, and (E)-nerolidol.11 The essential oil from aerial part from São Tomé and Principe has β-pinene, α-pinene, and (E)-nerolidol as main constituents.3. This means the use of the leaves and seeds in general nutrition contributes to the provision of proteins which the human body requires for growth, replenishing worn-out tissues, provision of amino acids and hormones required for certain biochemical processes, provision of energy and enzyme catalysis. 1986 Aug;67:135-42. doi: 10.1289/ehp.8667135. Ten individual samples of fresh leaves of P. umbellatum were collected in the south-eastern Côte d’Ivoire. The P. guineense leaves and seeds were processed and their chemical composition determined. ABSTRACT Undamaged and uninfested maize grains were hand-picked, packaged in moisture proof package and disinfested in the deep freezer for 96 hours. The proximate composition of Piper guineense leaves and seeds (Table 1) showed that the seeds may last longer than the leaves when stored in the form purchased at the market (as commonly sold). In the same way, except α-phellandrene (8.2%) in the aerial part essential oil of P. guineense from São Tomé and Principe, the most abundant compounds in this country, dillapiole (44.8%) and myristicine (9.8%), are not present in any sample from Côte d’Ivoire.3 Moreover, the leaf essential oil of P. guineense from Cameroon is dominated by germacrene B (25.1%), which is in very low proportion, or missing in the majority of the samples from Côte d’Ivoire except samples S1 and S2 (5.0% and 3.7%, respectively). Calcium was the mineral with highest concentration in both the leaves and seeds. Mean in the same row, with different letters of the alphabet as superscript are statistically significant (p<0.05), https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2018.329.337, Values are mean±standard deviation (n = 3). Table 1 Chemical Composition of Essential Oil From Aerial Parts Oil of Piper guineense. Some of these chemical properties supports the used of Piper guineense seeds and leaves in traditional medicine. This has shown positive impact in human health since it can reduce certain conditions such as constipation. This may be the reason why its use in food prepared for nursing mothers help in the relaxation of muscles and resumption of the normal menstrual cycle. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study aims at determining the chemical composition and the … The differences in the moisture content and dry matter were statistically non-significant, while the differences in the percentage crude protein, crude fiber, crude lipid, ash and carbohydrates were statistically significant. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.004. The leaves and seeds are used 133 in preparing soups. The leaves of Piper guineense contain significant high fibre and ash compared to Piper guineense seeds. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. Different plant materials such as seeds, leaves and fruits are used as food spices, while many of them are believed to possess different medicinal values. Caryophyllene, (E)-β-farnesene, linalool and germacrene D were reported to exhibit an interesting anti-microbial (anti-bacterial and anti-fungal) activity26. By continuing to browse Phytochemical Analysis of PGEO. The temperature of the oven used was 60°C with equilibrating time of 1 min, maximum oven temperature 350°C and total run time 35.857 min. The most relevant examples are those of ishwarol B, guaiol, germacrene A, and germacrene B. The amounts of phytochemicals suggested were then expressed as area percent which is comparable to the total peak area. The leaves, fruits, nuts, seeds were not only used as food but also as medicine in minor ailments by the natives. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. In comparison to the previous works, apart from thymol, present in low content in the results related to the literature, the chemical composition of the leaves of P. umbellatum from Côte d’Ivoire was close to that of the leaves from Cameroon and the aerial parts from São Tomé and Principe.3,11 These essential oils, as well as those of Côte d’Ivoire, were mainly made up of linalool, limonene, (E)-β-caryophyllene, β-pinene, α-pinene, and (E)-nerolidol. Phytochemical Analysis of PGEO. It belongs to the family Piperaceae. Although the difference in the percentage moisture of the leaves and seeds is not statistically significant, it is possible that the high moisture content of the leaves may permit certain microbial activities than the seeds. Proximate analysis shows that Piper guineense seeds was high in percentage dry matter, crude lipid and carbohydrates compare to Piper guineense leaves, while Piper guineense leaves was high in percentage moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre and ash compared to Piper guineense seeds. Hexadecanoic acid methyl ester has been reported to exhibit anti-proliferative properties against tumor cells and induced apoptosis in the tumour cells28. Read "New Constituents of Piper guineense Fruit and Leaf, ChemInform" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at … The percentage dry matter, protein, fibre, moisture, lipid, carbohydrates and ash of Piper guineense leaves and seeds were determined using the method of AOAC9, while the concentrations of Ca, P, Mn, Mg, Cr, Zn, Fe, Cu, Na, and K were carried out using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (model AA280FS, Agilent Technologies, USA) following the conditions recommended by the manufacturer. : Piper guineense leaves, Chemical constituents, phytochemicals, GCMS, phytochemical screening Abstract. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2015, 166, 240-249. This study compared the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation of different tissues of Piper capense, Piper guineense, Piper nigrum and Piper umbellatum grown in Cameroon. However, various chemical compositions, with 2 or 3 majority compounds can be observed. The result of mineral analysis (Table 2) show Piper guineense leaves has a high amount of magnesium, calcium, manganese and copper than Piper guineense seeds, while Piper guineense seeds has a high amount of chromium, zinc, iron, potassium, sodium and phosphorus than Piper guineense leaves. The sesquiterpenic fraction is dominated by (E)-β-caryophyllene (13.1%-25.1%) followed by (E)-nerolidol (2.1%-6.3%) and germacrene D (1.0%-3.7%). Piperine is responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper. Statistical analysis: After the proximate analysis, the results were analyzed statistically using Paired-Samples T Test with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Natural Products. This show the seeds will supply more iron which is required to carry oxygen in the haemoglobin of red blood cells. Lauric anhydride which is present in the leaves has been reported to increase high density lipoprotein27. Its emmenagogic, anti-abortive, antihemorrhagic, and antihemorrhoidal properties, added to its activities on arterial hypertension and rheumatism, are exploited in herbal medicine.7-10, A few studies concerning the chemical composition of P. guineense and P. umbellatum essential oils have been reported in the literature. The crude plant extract was used for phytochemical analysis. The monoterpenes were dominated by α-phellandrene (up to 31.4%) and linalool (up to 22.6%). afforded a new lignan, dihydrocubebin, which was characterized by its spectral properties and identified by direct comparison with a reference sample obtained by catalytic hydrogenation of sesamin. These results showed that Piper guineense seeds and leaves are important in general nutritional and could be used for certain pharmacological needs. However, it is possible that high level of calcium may cause agitation or gritty eyes. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses, Essential Oil From Aerial Parts of Piperguineense, Chemical Composition of Leaf Essential Oil of, https://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage, Composition and Chemical Variability of Myrtus communis Leaf Oil From Northwestern Algeria. N. & Chidiebere, F. E. ( 2016 ) appropriate software installed, can. Jazet, DPM., Sameza, mL SL., Walker, TM., Haber WA... Et al.6 have reported the antimicrobial, antiparasitic and chemical constituents of piper guineense activities of P. (... To journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below M. chemical constituents of piper guineense, Odimegwu, E. &. 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