The Romulus and Remus story is a myth. Today, it is popular as the eternal city. KS2 History Roman Empire learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. Whether true or not, the battle confirmed Constantine as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire and a year later Christianity was legally recognised and tolerated by Rome. The Romans facts for kids KS2 learning at Primary School. Source: wikipedia, Image: flickr, Urine was used to wash clothes in those days. Large parts of the east of the Empire were left open to attack. The first major paved road was the Appian Way, started in the mid-fourth century BC, linking Rome to Brindisi. His brilliant tactics destroyed a Roman army of nearly 90,000 men. This lack of control over the city led neighboring tribes to siege the city and reduce its power. 22. He is said to have cried at the destruction his forces had brought to North Africa. For instance, when Rome conquered Greece in 146 BC, the Roman people fell in love with and adopted their art and the language. Soon there were as many as eight ludi each year, some religious, some to commemorate military victories. They also spread the first alphabet. The defeated slaves were crucified. Jeez! Source:, Image:, It was approximately 8 times more populated than the present day NYC Source: wikipedia, Image: When rioting broke out in protest at the state’s extravagance and waste, Caesar had two rioters sacrificed. The statesman would proclaim: ‘Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam, (‘By the way I think that Carthage must be destroyed,’) at the end of every speech he made, no matter what he was talking about. This view was propounded by Keith Hopkins in 1966. Later, as a groom, Nero married Sporus, a young boy, to replace the teenage female concubine he had killed and married him in a public ceremony. Cities freed people from subsistence agriculture, allowing them to indulge in art, politics, engineering and specialised crafts and industries. A Germanic tribal alliance, led by a Roman-educated Roman citizen, Arminius, utterly destroyed three legions. Roman Empire, the ancient empire, centred on the city of Rome, that was established in 27 bce following the demise of the Roman Republic and continuing to the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ce.A brief treatment of the Roman Empire follows. He held off and Caesar was victorious in their next engagement. Yes, you heard it right. There is a fish that when eaten causes severe hallucinations lasting up to 36 hours. This is why Rome had to ratify its identity in numerous occasions during the first seventy years of the Republic. It reached its height in around 120 AD and began to decline in 285 AD. 91 - 88 BC The Social War- The Social War broke out when Italians who were not citizens of the Roman Empire revolted. They occasionally used a spoon, but they would never ever use a knife and a fork. History Of The Roman Empire. The first was an informal arrangement between Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey). Ancient Romans did everything from drinking gladiator blood to washing clothes in urine. The emperors used an elite military unit called the Praetorian Guard to protect them. Their architecture like The Colosseum Museum, The Masion Carree, Leptis Magna etc. It was in the ancient Phoenician city of Tyre, the birthplace and trade hub of Tyrain purple. I’d rather look at the Colosseum than an ugly concrete high rise anyway. The Roman Empire started off in Rome, and then spread it’s borders until it had dominated the Mediterranean. He had gone to war against the Parthian Empire with no official backing, seeking military glory to match his wealth, and his force was crushed by a much smaller enemy. Built of stone with regular forts and customs posts, it is an extraordinary achievement and parts of it still survive. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Abridged Edition. The empire has a rich history of culture, wars, conquests, and occupied territories in Asia, Europe, and Africa. Pyrrhus led an alliance of Greeks alarmed by Rome’s expansion into southern Italy. He may have killed his stepbrother to assume the throne. It grew into a rich and powerful city during the next few hundred years. The Romans were polytheists, meaning they worshipped more than one god. The punishment consisted of being sewn up in a leather sack, sometimes with an assortment of live animals, and then being thrown into water. The early years of the Republic are of political turmoil. When Julius Caesar died, he left today's equivalent of about $270 to each and every Roman citizen. Septimius Severus finally outlasted the others. The Praetorian Guard was a powerful political movement and often interfered in top-level politics. 1) Rome was founded in 753BC by its first king, Romulus. The city of Rome is the capital of Italy today. He acquired at least some of his wealth by buying burning buildings at knock-down prices. Constantine’s successor, Theodosius, divided the Empire between his two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, creating the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Parts of it are still used as a drain today. Fun Facts about Ancient Rome. But if you don’t know much about it, worry not. He reportedly mistook the news for a report of the death of his pet cockerel, Roma. Augustus (r. 27 BCE - 14 CE; formerly known as Octavian) was Rome's first emperor, and his reign began the era of unprecedented peace known as the Pax Romana.Octavian was the adopted grand-nephew of Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE). 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